Kigali, Rwanda, May 4 – The remains of nearly 85,000 people murdered in Rwanda’s genocide were laid to rest Saturday in a sombre ceremony in Kigali, a quarter of a century after the slaughter.
Mourners sobbed as 81 white coffins containing the remains of 84,437 victims of the 1994 mass killings were buried at the Nyanza Genocide Memorial in the capital.
They were among more than 800,000 people, mostly Tutsis, massacred over 100 days by Hutu extremists and militia forces determined to eradicate the Tutsi minority in Rwanda.
Rwanda begins 100 days of mourning every April 7 — the day the genocide began. But this year has witnessed particular commemorations to mark the 25th anniversary.
“Commemorating the genocide against the Tutsi is every Rwandan’s responsibility — and so is giving them a decent burial,” said Justice Minister Johnston Busingye at the mass burial.
Some mourners broke down wailing as survivors spoke of the pain of losing their loved ones so brutally. A number were escorted from the funeral by ushers.
Emanuel Nduwayezu said the discovery meant he finally had somewhere to come each April 7 and lay a wreath in memory of his murdered family.
“Right now I am very happy because I have buried my dad, my sister and her children, and my in-law. Twenty-five years have passed and I had not known where they were,” he told AFP.
“Everyday I was thinking and getting confused (about) where my dad was but now I found him and I have a buried him.”
The remains of those interred on Saturday were only found early last year, when 143 pits containing thousands of bone and clothing fragments were discovered beneath homes on the outskirts of Kigali.
Those exhumed for burial on Saturday came from just 43 such pits — leaving 100 more to go.
A painstaking effort was undertaken so that family members could identify their loved ones by their teeth, clothing and other markings.
They join 11,000 other victims already laid to rest at the Nyanza Genocide Memorial.
– Grim discovery –
Jean-Pierre Dusingizemungu, who heads Ibuka, an umbrella organisation for genocide survivors, said a landlord from the area revealed the location of the graves only after he was threatened with arrest.
More pits were later found when a man, tasked in 1994 with dumping corpses, came forward with new information.
Dusingizemungu said it was likely those living on the graves knew what lay beneath their homes.
“It is unfortunate that… these perpetrators, now free, never bothered to reveal to bereaved families the location of these grave sites, so they could get closure,” he said.
Clementine Ingabire was the sole survivor from her extended family of 23 who were massacred in the frenzy.
Seven of her relatives were identified from the pits, their remains scattered among the coffins. But at least they were granted a dignified burial, she said.
Just seven at the time, Ingabire remains incredulous she made it out alive.
“Despite the fact that most people were very cruel, there were those who took risks to save others,” the 32-year-old said.
“I was saved by a Hutu woman who was a good friend to my mother. She saw me running and grabbed me… that’s how I survived.”
The ethnic bloodshed ended on July 4 when mainly Tutsi rebels entered Kigali, chasing the genocidal killers out of Rwanda. The rebel general was Paul Kagame, who became Rwanda’s president and has remained in power ever since.