, NAIROBI, Kenya, Mar 28-According to a recent anti-graft report, application for or making alterations to a National Identification Card and collection of birth certificates, was cited as the leading services for which bribes were demanded.
This was followed by seeking medical attention, registration of land and traffic related services.
The report conducted between August 17 and September 23 2016, further revealed that there was an increase in the average bribe to Sh7000 in 2016 from the average of Sh5600 in 2015.
By County, Busia documented the highest average bribe at (Sh81,559)followed by Tharaka Nithi (Sh40,906) Nairobi (Sh15,360) and Lamu (Sh13,072).
Further the survey which targeted 6000 households showed that the proportion of those paying bribes increased by 8 per cent in 2016 to stand at 46 per cent compared to 38 per cent in 2015 survey.
Approximately 63 per cent of Kenyans were seeking government services out of those, 42 per cent of the respondents reported having experienced some form of corruption being practiced by the public officers.
It emerged that those who paid bribe because it was demanded was 72 per cent, those who paid to avoid service delay doubled to 28 per cent, over 8 per cent paid the bribe because it is expected while 2 per cent voluntarily offered the bribe.
80 per cent of Kenyans perceived level of corruption to be high representing a significant increase by 5.4 per cent from the 2015 survey.
In order to reduce the level of corruption, the report recommended that capacity of anti-corruption institutions be enhanced through adequate funding, employment of staff and deployment of relevant hardware and software in their operations, put measures, structures and systems in the public service to enhance corruption detection, prevention and deterrence.