Protests and general strike grip Morocco’s north

June 1, 2017 11:29 pm
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Anti-riot police were at the protest, following clashes between demonstrators and security forces over the weekend, but the crowd dispersed at around midnight without incident © AFP / FADEL SENNA

, Al-Hoceima, Morocco, Jun 1 – A general strike Thursday gripped the northern Morocco city of Al-Hoceima, rocked by nearly a week of protests demanding the release of the leader of a popular movement.

The strike that saw nearly all of the shops in the city centre shuttered came after thousands of people demonstrated in Al-Hoceima for sixth straight night.

“This three-day strike is the result of what is happing here, the marginalisation of a region that is only asking for its daily bread,” a shopkeeper told AFP.

Al-Hoceima is in the neglected Rif region, which has been shaken by social unrest since the death in October of fishmonger Mouhcine Fikri.

The 31-year-old was crushed in a rubbish truck as he protested against the seizure of swordfish caught out of season.

Since then protests have snowballed in the port of Al-Hoceima, sparking a wider movement demanding more development and railing against corruption, repression and unemployment.

Nasser Zefzafi, who emerged as the head of the grassroots Al-Hirak al-Shaabi, or “Popular Movement”, was arrested on Monday after three days on the run.

His mother, in remarks to a Moroccan television on Thursday, urged King Mohammed VI to show clemency and release her son.

Late Wednesday, between 2,000 and 3,000 protesters once again took to the streets of Al-Hoceima, shouting slogans such as “We are all Nasser Zefzafi” and “Corrupt state”.

“Arrest us, we are all activists,” read one banner.

Initial protests in the fishing port of Al-Hoceima triggered a wider movement demanding more development and railing against corruption, repression and unemployment © AFP / FADEL SENNA

A shopkeeper said the strike will go on “until our prisoners are freed”.

The mainly ethnically Berber Rif region has long had a tense relationship with Morocco’s central authorities, and was at the heart of Arab Spring-inspired protests in 2011.

– ‘Mobilisation’ –

Najib Ahamjik, often referred to as the movement’s number two, remains at large but continues to use social media to call for “mobilisation” and to strike.

Nawal Benaissa, one of the public faces of the Popular Movement, was among three young women on Wednesday who urged protesters to demand “freedom for prisoners”.

On Thursday morning, she said she was called in to the police station in Al-Hoceima and questioned about the call to strike.

The 36-year-old mother of four was seen leaving the building again a short time later.

By mid-afternoon most of the shops in the city centre were shuttered, apparently in response to Benaissa’s call for a strike.

Policemen were deployed on the main square and police vans were stationed in side streets, empty of pedestrians save for small groups of youths.

Nawal Benaissa of the Popular Movement or Al-Hirak Al-Shaabi during a protest in Al-Hoceima on May 31, 2017 © AFP / FADEL SENNA

“Anyone who threatens shopkeepers who are still open will be arrested,” a local official warned.

The strike was also observed in the neighbouring towns of Beni Bouyaach and Imzouren, a resident said.

“Today, it is the entire population that is on strike. It is a message to our king, Mohammed VI, so that he comes to Al-Hoceima,” said another shopkeeper.

Prime Minister Saad-Eddine Al-Othmani discussed the unrest with the interior minister and said the Rif “is at centre of the government’s preoccupations”, the official MAP news agency reported.

– ‘Stay peaceful’ –

Zefzafi was detained along with others on Monday for “attacking internal security”, after a warrant for his arrest issued Friday sparked turmoil in Al-Hoceima, a city of 56,000 inhabitants.

Cilia Hirani, a member of the Popular Movement, told AFP that everyone in the Rif “believes in freedom, in humanity and in social justice”.

“If you imprison our leaders, we will resist and we will resist until our demands, which are rights in democratic countries, are granted,” she said.

A new video of Zefzafi has been posted on social networks, apparently recorded shortly before his arrest, in which he says: “My brothers, the moment is very sensitive… Stay peaceful, above all.”

State media and politicians have remained largely silent about the events, but the local branches of three parties including the ruling Justice and Development Party (PJD) issued a joint statement warning of a “serious situation” and criticising the response of the authorities.

Out of around 40 people reported arrested on Friday, including core members of Al-Hirak, 25 have been referred to the prosecution.

Their trial began Tuesday but was pushed back to June 6 at the request of their lawyers, who have complained their clients were ill-treated during their detention.

Seven suspects were released on bail and another seven were freed without charge.

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