ADDIS ABABA, Oct 25 – The African Union has readmitted Mali after suspending it from the pan-African bloc following a March coup, and backed plans for authorities there to recapture the north from radical Islamists.
The move came as the International Red Cross issued a warning about the plight of those in the north of the country, where a food crisis looms.
“Council decides to lift the suspension of Mali’s participation in the activities of the AU,” the bloc’s Peace and Security Commissioner Ramtane Lamamra told reporters.
Mali’s membership was revoked after army officers overthrew the elected government seven months ago.
The subsequent chaos gave free rein to a rebellion by Islamic extremists and Tuareg separatists who took over large swathes of the country’s north, before the Islamists forced out their former Tuareg allies.
Fearful that the area the size of France could become a sanctuary for Al-Qaeda-linked Islamists, Mali’s neighbours and Wester powers are keen to drive the radicals out.
On Wednesday the AU also endorsed a plan urging the “restoration of state authority of the northern part of the country”.
The plan, which also calls for free elections in Mali early next year, would be presented to the United Nations Security Council for endorsement, said Lamamra.
Last week officials from the United Nations, the AU, Mali and the regional bloc ECOWAS met in the Malian capital to devise a strategy to defeat rebels in the north.
The AU called for Mali’s authorities to set up a national body to open talks with any armed groups in the north “willing to engage in dialogue to find the political solution to the crisis”, said Lamamra.
The announcement late Wednesday from the AU came as the International Committee of the Red Cross warned of a growing food crisis in the Islamist north of Mali.
“However the armed conflict in northern Mali unfolds, the risk of a further worsening in the humanitarian situation in the region and throughout the Sahel is high,” said ICRC president Peter Maurer, just back from a three-day visit to the region.
Those fleeing northern Mali to the south of the country, or to neighbouring Niger, Mauritania, Burkina Faso and Algeria, badly needed help, he added.
“They need food and better access to clean drinking water and health care,” he said.
ECOWAS has assembled a force of some 3,000 troops to try to retake Mali’s desert north, an area roughly the size of France.
An AU statement Wednesday said it was working with Mali, the UN, EU and others on plans “for the early deployment of an African-led international force to help Mali recover the occupied territories in the North”.