, BEIJING, May 8 – China will this week launch its first home-grown deep-water drilling rig located in the South China Sea, some 300 kilometres (200 miles) southeast of Hong Kong, state media reported on Tuesday.
China, dependent on oil imports to fuel its surging economy, claims full sovereignty on the sea, which has huge oil and gas reserves, often leading to diplomatic rows with its neighbours.
The rig launched by China National Offshore Oil Corp. (CNOOC) will begin operations on Wednesday at a depth of 1,500 metres, said the Beijing News, quoting a company statement.
It will be the first independent deep-water oil drilling rig operated by a Chinese company, marking “a substantial step” made by the country’s oil industry, CNOOC said.
Previously China’s offshore oil production and exploration had been limited to a depth of 300 metres, according to media reports, although CNOOC has cooperated with foreign companies on deep-water drilling.
In April this year CNOOC and Eni, the Italian oil and gas group, signed a production-sharing contract for exploration of another block in the South China Sea owned by the Chinese company.
The South China Sea is estimated to have 23 billion to 30 billion tonnes (25.3 to 33 billion short tons) of oil and 16 trillion cubic meters (560 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas, which would account for up to one-third of China’s total oil and gas resources, Xinhua reported.
China’s dependence on oil imports has always been a source of concern for the government which has actively been pushing its oil and gas companies to explore existing reserves and branch out overseas.
In 2011, China imported 57 percent of the oil it consumed.