NAIROBI, Kenya, Feb 29 – Nalianya Job of St Peters Seminary is the top student in the 2011 Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examinations.
The results released by Education Minister Sam Ongeri on Wednesday placed Gikonyo Victor Gitau and Odhiambo Emmanuel both of Alliance High School in second and third positions respectively.
The fourth slot was taken by Lonyangapuo Chelagat of Alliance Girls High School, followed in fifth position by Sidney Oirere of Maranda High School.
Gachigwa Brian Ruhiu of Starehe Boys Centre emerged sixth closely followed by Aseta B Faith of Moi Girls High School Eldoret in seventh.
Kariuki Alex Murimi of Alliance High School came in the eighth position while Tyson Odhiambo of Maranda and Buyaki Osibe of Precious Blood Riruta completed the top ten.
Maranda High School was the top school in the nation followed by Alliance High School and Alliance Girls High School in second and third positions.
Starehe Boys Centre and School which has struggled to regain the top spot came in at fourth followed by Mangu High School and Moi Girls High School Eldoret in fifth and sixth positions.
Kenya High School, Maryhill Girls High School, Pangani Girls High School and the Starehe Girls Centre wrapped up the top ten spots.
Ongeri said that results of 2,927 students were cancelled due to various irregularities including collaborating with invigilators.
Ongeri noted that techniques employed by students and teachers to cheat in the examinations were sophisticated in what he termed as “a chain from the top.”
“For instance candidates are refusing to be frisked and to be confined during practical examinations and even engaging in fights during examinations,” Ongeri elaborated.
The minister ordered the Permanent Secretary and the Kenya National Examination Council to speed up investigation with the objective of helping break the chain.
“This vice is a major threat to the credibility of national examinations and our education system and we all need to join hands to address it,” he said adding that 11 out of 47 counties did not report any cases of irregularities during the exams.
According to Ongeri, the increase in the number of examination centres posed a challenge as some of the exam centres filed to meet the basic requirements expected of the centre.
“It was observed that chemistry practicals were being undertaken in makeshift laboratories with poorly improvised which not only affect performance but pose risks to the candidates,” he said.
Ongeri said there was a drop in performance in 13 subjects among them English which has been on a downward trend for the last three years. Other subjects in which performance dwindled included History and Chemistry.
The minister however expressed satisfaction at the improvement in performance of 16 subjects including Mathematics, Physics, Biology and Kiswahili.
A total of 411,783 candidates sat the 2011 KCSE examinations marking a 15.19 percent increase in the number of candidates.
The number of girls who sat the examination increased to 182,612 from 159,388 in 2010 while that of boys also rose to 229,171 from 198,100 in 2010.
The number of boys was more than that of girls in all counties except in Kirinyaga while Mandera County recorded the highest ratio of gender disparity at 27.73 percent of girls to 72.27 percent of boys.
The number of candidates attaining the minimum university entry qualifications of C+ and above rose to 119,658 (29.12 percent) compared to 97,134 in 2010. Candidates who scored an overall Mean Grade A also increased from 1,566 in 2010 to 1,930 in 2011.
Ongeri said that there needs to be investment in mid level colleges to absorb candidates who fail to attain the minimum university entry qualifications to help them acquire skills.
From the 2011 results 118,265 candidates obtained the mean grade of D and below.