ADDIS ABABA, Jun 16 – Many of the millions of African children who don’t live to see their fifth birthday could be saved with greater investment in basic health services and infrastructure.
These investments in children’s health, education and well-being will not only save lives but will also improve a nation’s future development. Evidence consistently shows that where children and mothers have poor health, poor nutrition and inadequate education they earn less, are less productive members of society and they pass this poverty on to the next generation.
“Investing in children today will yield benefits for generations to come,” said Anthony Lake, UNICEF Executive Director. “It will also help save the lives of an estimated 4.5 million African children under five years of age who die each year, largely from preventable causes.”
Governments must promote adequate budget allocations for children and ensure that poverty reduction strategies and national development plans are child-centered. Now more than ever we have to make sure that children are on top of the development agenda.
Through a range of declarations and targets, African governments have committed to provide 15 percent of their national budgets for health, 20 percent for education and 10 percent for agriculture, and 0.5 percent of Gross Domestic Product for improved water and sanitation.
Some African nations have made positive strides to achieve their budgetary and fiscal targets, especially in health and education. There are many examples of low income countries achieving strong returns from budgets that concentrate on human development. Through strategic investments in the survival and well-being of children, even countries with limited resources like Malawi have managed to reduce their child mortality rates considerably.
In recent years, school enrolment rates in sub-Saharan Africa have been increasing much faster than they did in the 1990s, with countries including Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique and the United Republic of Tanzania registering rapid advances. In addition, gender disparities in primary school are narrowing. However, these advancements are simply not enough. Some 45.5 million pupils in sub-Saharan Africa are still out of school.
UNICEF is working with governments throughout Africa and other regions to analyze their state budget with regards to its impact on children in order to facilitate a more effective use of public finances for social purposes.
The Day of the African Child commemorates a 1976 march in Soweto South Africa, when thousands of African school children took to the streets to protest the inferior quality of their education and to demand their right to be taught in their own language. Hundreds of young boys and girls were shot down and in the two weeks of protest that followed, more than a hundred people were killed and more than a thousand were injured.
To honour the memory of those killed and the courage of all those who marched, the Day of the African Child has been celebrated on 16 June every year since 1991, when it was first initiated by the Organization of African Unity. The Day also draws attention to the lives of African children today.