, PARIS, Mar 8 – Here are key dates since the 19th century in women\’s fight for emancipation, ahead of International Women\’s Day on Monday:
– 1893: New Zealand becomes the first country to give the vote to women. Russian women get the vote in 1917, women in the US in 1920 and Turkey in 1934.
– 1938: Sweden enacts legislation permitting abortion under certain circumstances. Britain legalises abortion in 1967, followed by France in 1975.
– 1960: The first contraceptive pill is put on sale in the United States.
– 1966: The feminist organisation NOW (National Organization for Women) is founded in the United States by activist and feminist author Betty Friedan, followed by the Women\’s Liberation Movement. The feminist movement quickly spreads across the Western world.
– 1966: Indira Gandhi becomes India\’s first, and to date only, woman prime minister. Twelve years later, Pakistan\’s Benazir Bhutto becomes the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state. Both women were subsequently assassinated.
– 1979: Britain\’s Margaret Thatcher is elected as the western world\’s first woman prime minister.
– 2005: Liberia\’s Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf becomes Africa\’s first elected woman head of state.