UNITED NATIONS, Aug 14 – The UN Security Council on Thursday opted not to condemn the extended detention of Myanmar’s democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi but unanimously issued a fresh call to the military regime to free all political prisoners.
After two days of closed-door bargaining, the 15-member body could only agree on a watered-down statement expressing "serious concern at the conviction and sentencing of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and its political impact" and reiterating "the importance of the release of all political prisoners."
Britain’s UN Ambassador John Sawers, the council chair this month, described the non-binding statement as "an important expression of serious concern about the outcome" of the Suu Kyi trial.
A court at Yangon’s notorious Insein Prison on Tuesday sentenced Suu Kyi to three years’ imprisonment and hard labor for breaching the terms of her house arrest following an incident in which a US man swam to her lakeside residence in May.
Than Shwe, head of the ruling junta, commuted the sentence to 18 months under house arrest but the trial and the verdict have created international outrage.
"I think we all know that different members of the Security Council have different views on the situation there and that the strong views in various Western capitals are not entirely shared in countries elsewhere," Sawers noted as he sought to explain why an initial US draft was watered down.
The tougher US draft which would have condemned Suu Kyi’s conviction ran into opposition from China, a key ally of Myanmar, as well as from Russia, Vietnam and Libya.
The four countries invoked the principle of non-interference in the domestic affairs of a UN member state.
The text approved Thursday noted the decision by the Myanmar government to reduce Suu Kyi’s sentence and urged the military regime "to take further measures to create the necessary conditions for a genuine dialogue with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and all concerned parties and ethnic groups in order to achieve an inclusive national reconciliation."
It also affirmed the council’s "commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Myanmar" and reiterated that "the future of Myanmar lies in the hands of all its people."
Tuesday, the council’s 15 ambassadors adjourned formal, closed-door consultations without agreement on a condemnation of San Suu’s extented detention.
Veto-wielding council member China urged the international community to "fully respect Myanmar’s judicial sovereignty."
In a related development, the European Union on Thursday broadened its sanctions against Myanmar in the wake of the Suu Kyi trial.
Brussels imposed a visa ban and asset freeze on members of the judiciary and in what it called "targeted measures," the 27 EU nations widened the bloc’s existing assets freeze to cover businesses "owned and controlled by members of the regime" and their associates.
Suu Kyi has been confined for 14 of the past 20 years, ever since the military regime refused to recognize her National League for Democracy’s landslide victory in the last elections held in 1990.
Unless she qualifies for an amnesty, the 64-year-old opposition leader and Nobel peace laureate will not be able to contest elections planned for next year.