NEW DELHI, September 14 – Indian police hunted Sunday for Muslim militants behind coordinated bomb attacks against busy shopping areas in the nation’s capital that left 20 dead and close to 100 injured.,
The blasts on Saturday evening struck five crowded areas of New Delhi within 45 minutes, and were claimed by a group calling itself the ‘Indian Mujahideen.’
A further three bombs, also placed in crowded areas of the capital, were found and defused, Delhi police spokesman Rajan Bhagat told AFP.
One had been placed at India Gate, one of the country’s most iconic monuments and a major tourist attraction in the heart of Delhi.
"We have very vital clues, positive clues, we are very hopeful we will solve this case," he said, confirming the latest toll at 20 dead and 98 injured.
The bombs were of varying intensity and the targeted locations in middle-class south and central Delhi were all packed with evening shoppers.
Indian television channels said several suspects were detained in overnight raids, but gave no further details.
The federal government also held a top-level meeting on security. Home Secretary Madhukar Gupta told reporters that "urgent measures" were discussed.
"We have discussed various measures that may be needed not only in Delhi but other major cities," he said, promising to "fill up any kind of (security) gap, strengthening the machinery, the system and processes."
Two of the blasts hit Connaught Place — the city’s largest financial and commercial centre — while two more hit the upmarket shopping district of Greater Kailash.
A fifth ripped through a busy electronics and automobile components market.
A bomb disposal expert said the devices appeared to have been packed with steel ball bearings and nuts and bolts "to cause maximum harm."
"Everything turned black in front of me," said one witness, Gulab Singh, who was in Connaught Place when one of the bombs exploded.
"I saw at least one woman almost flying in the sky, hurled by the deafening blast which we heard. There was a stampede by panic-stricken people. Many fell down and some were trampled on."
India went on high alert after the blasts, boosting security at airports, rail stations and city centres. The Delhi metro was also shut.
In an email sent to several media outlets minutes before the first blast, the Indian Mujahideen challenged authorities to "stop us if you can."
Little is known about the origins and make-up of the militant group, which had also claimed responsibility for a wave of bombings in July that killed at least 45 people in the western commercial city of Ahmedabad and the southern technology hub of Bangalore.
Security services suspect it may be a front for groups banned by the Indian government over the past few years such as the Students’ Islamic Movement of India.
Others say it could also be a loose coalition of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed militant groups.
Pakistan has denied any link to attacks in India, and Pakistan’s new President Asif Ali Zardari condemned Saturday’s blasts.
The email threat was traced to an electronics firm in an eastern suburb of Mumbai, India’s business and entertainment capital. Police are investigating whether the company’s wireless network was hacked.
A similar email sent before the Ahmedabad bombings was also sent via a hacked wireless connection in the Mumbai suburbs.
The head of Mumbai’s anti-terrorism squad, Hemant Karkare, told AFP the city was also on high alert as huge crowds were expected for the final day of an annual Hindu festival.
But he refused to confirm or deny reports that the email message said Mumbai would be the next target.
"Mumbai is always a target because it’s a commercial capital. In the past we have received such alerts. We are at a maximum state of readiness," he said.