ISLAMABAD, August 8 – Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf will defend himself against impeachment, aides said Friday, a day after the ruling coalition vowed to launch proceedings to drive the key US ally from power.
Musharraf was set to meet his top legal and political advisers to discuss his dwindling options in the face of the most serious challenge to the former general’s position since he seized power in a bloodless military coup in 1999.
The spectre of impeachment is set to deepen the political turmoil in the nuclear-armed nation — with the manoeuvres open to Musharraf including dissolving parliament or even declaring a state of emergency.
"He is considering the options that are available. He will respond to the government’s allegations and defend himself," a presidential aide told AFP on condition of anonymity.
Key Musharraf ally Mushahid Hussain said his party would back the president.
"We will prepare a case, the president should be there (in parliament) and defend himself, and at least say ‘I am not a crook,’" said Hussain, secretary general of the Pakistan Muslim League-Q party.
Coalition leaders Asif Ali Zardari — the widower of slain former premier Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif announced on Thursday that they would seek Musharraf’s impeachment for allegedly mismanaging the country.
Officials said parliament could begin the impeachment process by filing a charge sheet against the president as early as Monday, which is also Musharraf’s 65th birthday.
The aide said however that Musharraf would "not wait for the numbers game" meaning that he would not indulge in political horsetrading to stop the coalition getting the votes it needs.
Impeachment requires a two-thirds majority in the upper and lower houses of parliament under Pakistan’s constitution. It would be the first time in Pakistan’s 61-year history that a president has been impeached.
Another Musharraf ally said the coalition could not get enough votes to support impeachment.
"We are going to oppose it. It is a half-baked effort and a sure recipe for disaster," Tariq Azim, the information minister in the last government, told AFP.
But Azim and Hussain both warned against dissolving parliament, saying it would damage the country’s democracy.
The coalition is currently several seats short of the 295 votes it requires out of the 439 in the Senate and National Assembly to remove Musharraf.
Zardari’s Pakistan People’s Party and Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, together with smaller coalition partners, have 266 seats and need a further 29 MPs, mainly from the troubled tribal belt bordering Afghanistan.
But the key factor in Musharraf’s decision is likely to be the support he gets from the army. He quit as army chief last November.
"He can dismiss the government, suspend it or leave the stage but that option is very remote he would do that only when he realises that the real powers are not supporting him," the presidential aide said.
Musharraf’s successor as army chief, General Ashfaq Kayani, has shown no signs of disloyalty, and the military has historically acted to defend the honour of its current and former chiefs.
But Kayani has also appeared keen to keep the army out of politics after six decades during which the military was in power for more than half the time, damaging its image at home.
Imposing a state of emergency would require Musharraf to have military support, while dissolving parliament could also cause unrest in a country already suffering from widespread economic problems.
"The army will not like to be part of the power games," said Pakistani political analyst Shafqat Mahmood.
The United States, which counts Musharraf as a lynchpin in the fight against Al-Qaeda and the Taliban, said that the impeachment was an "internal" matter.