1. If fatigued, spread out your activities throughout the day – fatigue can be combated by giving enough time to perform each daily activity and allowing for rest periods in between.
2. Speaking of rest– be sure to maintain a regular sleeping schedule. If you sleep at the same time every night, you are more likely to wake up well-rested in the morning.
3. Adjust your caloric intake. If you have hypothyroidism, you have to decrease caloric intake to prevent weight gain.
4. If you have hyperthyroidism, you have to increase caloric intake to meet the needs of a higher metabolic rate.
5. Increase fiber intake if you are having problems with constipation (e.g. green leafy vegetables).
6. If you are experiencing diarrhea, try including bulk-forming foods in your diet (e.g. bananas).
7. Increase your protein intake to keep up with protein synthesis problems, characteristic of thyroid problems.
8. Take time to relax. Stress can aggravate the symptoms of thyroid malfunction so keep stress levels to a minimum can help prevent the signs and symptoms from getting worse.
9. You can take iodine supplements to help with thyroid function, but only after conferring with your physician. Pregnant women who are at risk for hypothyroidism are advised to take iodine supplements to improve the levels of their thyroid hormones.
10. Remember to monitor your thyroid function levels with regular blood tests. Medical management is a very important part in preventing the adverse signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.