How to match herbs and spices with vegetables

Matching herbs and spices with vegetables helps you to enhance and complement any vegetarian dish.



Herbs and spices are parts of plants that are used for flavouring, food, medicine, or perfume. Herbs refer to the leafy green parts of a plant, whilst a spice is derived from seeds, berries, bark, roots and fruits.

Many spices have antimicrobial properties that protect against infectious diseases. Turmeric is known to help prevent cancer, and garlic is an excellent antibiotic. Always choose fresh herbs and spices over dried.

The following table will help you make the best choices with regard to matching herbs and spices with your favourite vegetables.

Vegetable Herb/Spice
Artichokes Parsley, bay leaves, coriander, paprika
Asparagus Dill, marjoram, nutmeg, rosemary
Beetroot Pepper, coriander, thyme, dill, chives, ginger, cloves, sage
Broccoli Garlic, marjoram, nutmeg
Brussels sprouts Rosemary, parsley, caraway, nutmeg, oregano, marjoram
Cabbage Bay leaves, garlic, curry, marjoram, nutmeg, chives, parsley
Carrots Parsley, basil, curry, chives, sage, thyme
Cauliflower Basil, dill, mace, ginger, curry, nutmeg, oregano, coriander, mint
Courgette/Zucchini Garlic, basil, parsley, oregano
Cucumber Rosemary, dill, mustard, pepper, basil, chives
Aubergine/Brinjal Garlic, parsley, mint, sage, curry, basil, rosemary, oregano
Green beans Garlic, basil, dill, nutmeg, pepper
Leeks Mustard, parsley, dill, bay leaves, thyme, paprika, celery salt
Lettuce Basil, chives, thyme, tarragon, dill, parsley
Mushrooms Olives, ginger, cumin, parsley, thyme
Onions Paprika, celery salt, pepper, coriander, basil, garlic, marjoram, sage
Peas Tarragon, mint, parsley, nutmeg, sage, marjoram, basil
Potatoes Garlic, nutmeg, paprika, pepper, rosemary, thyme
Swiss chard Nutmeg, basil, coriander, sage, marjoram, bay leaves, garlic, rosemary
Tomatoes Basil, tarragon, garlic, chives, dill, mint, oregano, paprika, fennel, parsley, thyme

Other food matches

Herbs and spices such as basil, marjoram, oregano, thyme, mint, sage, garlic, cardamom, turmeric, coriander, saffron, and paprika can also be added to pasta and rice, whilst no Italian could imagine a pizza without lots of fresh herbs.