What we see when we look ‘East’



Throughout history, geography has played a tremendously influential role in global development, affecting the language, philosophy, culture, religion and economics of people and communities.

Notions of sovereignty are tightly interwoven with territorial delineations on the face of the earth. Geopolitics and geo-strategy are directly linked with geography. It is not an exaggeration to state that geography drives wealth and poverty, war and peace, plight and prospects of the nations of the world. Never has this been more significant than it is now. Geography presents both daunting challenges, and incredible opportunities.

In 50 years of Kenyan independence, our location in the Greater Eastern Africa region – on the shores of the Indian Ocean – has subjected us to the turbulent energy of the Cold War as well as the ‘hot’ conflicts that followed its thawing. Before then, this location made pre-colonial and colonial Kenya an inevitable participant – willing or otherwise – in major global events, including the slave trade and the two world wars.

The Cold War drove global superpowers to sponsor satellite and proxy States to bolster their hand in a competitive geopolitical power struggle. The result was lavish material support for authoritarian governments who, in turn, consolidated tyranny and neglected service to their people. In the midst of post-Cold War upheaval, the winds of democratic change and economic renewal began to sweep across our region. Democratic consolidation and economic revival has firmly taken root.

East Africa and the greater Horn of Africa have for long been the arena of violence and instability. Fortunately, this chapter has largely drawn to a close. Of course, peace remains fragile in some parts, but there is a growing determination by the people of Africa to proactively build peace and prevent relapses into conflict and State collapse. This has afforded the region’s peoples space to direct their energies to building stable and prosperous societies.

The current chapter of our history unfolds in the context of the fastest sustained economic growth in human history. Asia, particularly the countries of the Indian Ocean Rim, comprising the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea, is the epicentre of this seismic economic phenomenon. It is one of those boons of geography that Kenya straddles this rapidly emerging system of trade, investment and security.

Being able to exploit it economically, and working to make it stable and optimally conducive for commerce, is a core priority of our national interests now and in the future. There are two cardinal pillars to this system, one of which is the foremost priority of my government: Being a leading participant in an integrating Africa that is shaping out as a globally indispensable source of raw and value-added materials for industries and consumers in Asia.

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