NAIROBI, Kenya, Jun 26 – In the 15 years following the launch of Vision 2030, Kenya has a lot to show for it.
Capital FM Business spoke to the Chairman of Vision 2030 Delivery Board, James Mwangi, who outlined the country’s achievements and projects since the conception of the Vision in 2002.
“Growth of economy is one of the most notable achievements, as there has been significant growth in the economy. The country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was Sh1.3 trillion in 2002 and has risen to Sh7.9 trillion in 2017. GDP per capita has risen from Sh27,000 to Sh166,000,” Mwangi says.
The country’s focus has also been on working on the vision 2030’s enablers, which according to Mwangi, would ensure the country achieves its goals.
These enablers include road network, electricity, ICT, airport performance and security. Below is a breakdown of progress on each of the enablers:
– Expansion of roads around the country –
In 2002, there were 8,938 kilometres of paved roads in the country. The number has steadily risen to 9,612 kilometres in 2012 and jumped to 11,796 Kilometres in 2017.
– Electricity connectivity –
By the time of conception in 2002, Kenya only had 1,142 Megawatts of installed power capacity. The number rose to 1,690 Megawatts in 2012, connecting 2.3 million Kenyans. As of 2017, there are about 5.9 Kenyans who have been connected to electricity with 2,264 megawatts installed.
– Mobile subscription –
Fifteen years ago, only 1.07 million Kenyans were mobile phone subscribers. By 2017, data by Vision 2030 board stands at 42.8 million.
– Airport Performance –
The number of people handled through the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport has risen from 3.06 million people in 2002, to 6.27 million in 2012 and 7.27 million in 2017.
– Security –
According to Mwangi, the police to population ratio has risen from 1 police officer to 1,150 people in 2002, and 1 police person to 444 people currently. This is against the United Nations recommendation of 1 police person to 450 people.
There have also been major projects initiated in the last 15 years. Below is a list of those projects, including their statuses.
– Standard Gauge Railway –
The construction of Phase 1 of the SGR from Mombasa to Nairobi was completed at a cost of Sh327 billion. Phase 2A from Nairobi to Naivasha is ingoing at a cost of Sh150 billion.
– Lamu Port Project –
The project is expected to have 32 deep berths estimated to cost US$5 billion. The construction of the first three berths is ongoing and being financed by the government while the remaining 29 berths will be financed by private sector investors.
– Airport expansion –
There has been expansion and modernization of aviation facilities at Jomo Kenyatta, Moi, Kisumu and Isiolo International airports, and selected airstrips countrywide.
– Establishment of Huduma Centres –
The one-stop service delivery points offer 66 government services in all 47 counties of the country.
– Completed projects –
These include the Thika Super Highway, Isiolo-Marsabit-Moyale Road, Northern Road Corridor and the construction Nairobi Southern, Eastern and Northern bypasses. Others include Northern road corridor, Athi River Namanga road and the Voi-Mwatate Taveta/Holili border road.