“The ‘golden age’ for business in China is drawing to a close,” the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China said.
“China is nearing the end of its window of opportunity to create the framework to rebalance the economy,” it added in its annual European Business in China Position Paper.
“Unless China’s current leadership maintains the requisite sense of urgency and is resolute in their pursuit of reform, there is the very real risk that China’s economic sunrise could dawn into a middle-income trap.”
The Communist Party announced a blueprint for far-reaching reform at the end of a key meeting in November known as the Third Plenum.
It called for allowing market forces to play a “decisive role” in resource allocation, a bigger function for private capital and further financial and currency reforms.
But it also said the dominant role of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) was the “foundation of the socialist market economy”, raising questions about competitive fairness.
The Third Plenum document was generally well-received, although economists and business executives have warned that its implementation would need to be closely watched.
The 1,800-member EU Chamber expressed doubts over how committed authorities are to the “decisive role” pledge, questioned whether foreign industry can ever achieve equal treatment with Chinese counterparts and raised concerns over the position of SOEs.
“The problem we have is that the implementation is not clear yet,” Joerg Wuttke, president of the EU Chamber, told AFP ahead of the paper’s release.
“We have seen very few steps in the financial sector where the reforms actually have taken place, hence, the members clearly see a sense of urgency.”