The rise in tourism coincided with sluggish economic growth worldwide and unrest in top destinations such as Egypt, shunned by visitors fearful of the turmoil unleashed by the army’s ouster of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in July.
Despite those troubles, the number of international tourist arrivals beat expectations by soaring five percent to 1.09 billion in 2013, the UN World Tourism Organisation said in a report, tipping further growth in 2014.
“The tourism sector has shown a remarkable capacity to adjust to the changing market conditions, fuelling growth and job creation around the world, despite the lingering economic and geopolitical challenges,” said the UN body’s secretary general, Taleb Rifai.
“Indeed, tourism has been among the few sectors generating positive news for many economies,” he said, hailing 2013 as an “excellent year”.
Expectations of stronger economic activity set the scene for a further expansion in tourism in 2014 with international arrivals expected to grow again by 4.0-4.5 percent in 2014, the body said, urging countries to support fair and sustainable growth in the sector.
International tourist arrivals rose at the fastest rate in the Asia-Pacific region, where numbers were up by six percent to 248 million, it said. Southeast Asia performed best, with arrivals up 10 percent.
Europe, however, remained the biggest destination overall, with international tourist arrivals up five percent to 563 million.
In the Americas, arrivals grew by four percent to 169 million.
The number of international tourists arriving in Africa grew by six percent to 56 million.
But results in the Middle East were “mixed and volatile”, with arrivals from other countries unchanged at 56 million, the report said.
Among countries of origin, Chinese tourists – already leading the way with expenditure of $102 billion in 2012 – pushed up total spending by 28 percent in the first nine months of 2013, the UN body said.
Tourists from Russia, the fifth largest country of origin of international tourists, drove up spending by 26 percent in the same period, it said.