LONDON, Dec 18 – The Bank of England is to issue plastic banknotes for the first time in its history, it announced Wednesday, with Winston Churchill gracing the first run.
The polymer note, carrying a value of £5 ($8.2, 6.0 euro), is to be released in 2016 and as previously announced will feature World War II prime minister Churchill Britain’s central bank said in a statement.
A new £10 note featuring novelist Jane Austen to be issued a year later will also be made of polymer.
More than 25 other countries have flexible polymer banknotes, with at least seven using only plastic notes.
Sterling is the first of the world’s major currencies ahead of the US dollar, euro, yen and the Swiss franc to switch to polymer.
Bank of England notes are currently made from cotton paper but a three year study found that polymer notes stayed cleaner for longer, were more difficult to counterfeit and lasted at least 2.5 times longer.
“Ensuring trust and confidence in money is at the heart of what central banks do. Polymer notes are the next step in the evolution of banknote design to meet that objective,” BoE governor Mark Carney said in the statement.
“Our banknotes will remain both a national symbol and a source of national pride.”
Though slightly smaller, the new notes will retain a similar layout, featuring a 1990 portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, and a historical figure on the reverse.
Future notes will “celebrate individuals that have shaped British thought, innovation, leadership, values and society” and avoid those who would be “unduly divisive”.
The BoE first began issuing handwritten notes shortly after it was established in 1694. The first fully printed notes appeared in 1853.
Last year, the central bank had 2.9 billion notes in circulation, with a face value exceeding £52 billion.