NEW YORK, Jun 20 – After taking a breather from a stunning three-month run, Wall Street turns its attention in the coming week to the Federal Reserve for signs that could revive the rally.
In the week to Friday, the blue-chip Dow Jones Industrial Average slumped 2.95 percent to 8,539.73, ending a four-week winning streak.
The technology-heavy Nasdaq lost 1.69 percent on the week to 1,827.47 while the broad-market Standard & Poor\’s 500 index shed 2.64 percent to 921.23.
Despite the pullback in the past week, the market\’s snapback of some 40 percent from lows in March suggests Wall Street believes the danger of an economic depression has passed, but the shape of recovery remains unclear.
As a result, the Federal Reserve\’s two-day policy meeting takes on new importance, with the central bank\’s comments likely to offer clues on timing and strength of an economic recovery.
Gregory Drahuschak at Janney Montgomery Scott said the market would scrutinize the statement Wednesday from the Federal Open Market Committee.
"Rates are not likely to be changed but we suspect there could be some language in the policy statement suggesting that the Fed is contemplating pulling back on some of its stimulus," he said.
"There is increasing evidence that the recession is ending and that a return to positive growth is imminent," said Dean Maki, economist at Barclays Capital.
"Given this backdrop, the Fed is likely to sound more upbeat on growth prospects than its April statement."
But Maki said the Fed "will likely want to balance this upbeat view with some rhetoric emphasizing headwinds still facing the economy, and it will likely aim to convince investors that tightening is not imminent."
The market is now struggling to get a handle on whether the economy will see a strong "V-shaped" recovery or a more sluggish one.
"We believe the stock market is now trying to figure out what the economic recovery will be like and how much growth we will see in 2010," said Al Goldman at Wells Fargo Advisors.
Goldman said a strong economic recovery "is unlikely" amid a soft labor market and weak consumer spending.
But he argues that the rally has not yet run out steam.
"We believe the market will be higher by year-end because of a still-positive risk/reward ratio for stocks and prospects for a decent but modest economic recovery next year," he said.
Fred Dickson, chief market strategist at DA Davidson & Co., said the market needed a pullback after the hefty gains but sees this as "short and shallow" but added the market may be bracing for quarterly earnings reports starting in July.
"Our biggest near-term worry is that second quarter earnings news may disappoint anxious investors," he said.
Economist Benjamin Tal at CIBC World Markets argues that the stock market may have rallied too far and needs to digest the gains of the past three months.
"The stock market is probably ahead of itself," he said.
"All indicators and common sense suggest that this recovery will be muted. After all, the US housing market is yet to find its footing, consumers are in a bad mood and deleveraging is king. Savings, not consumption, will be the new \’in.\’
"But the signals from stocks, commodities and bond markets suggest that while the next several quarters will be lackluster, the medium-term outlook could be brighter than many currently suspect."
Bonds were mixed over the week as some fears about inflation and rate hikes eased.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury bond was marginally higher at 3.789 percent from 3.788 percent a week earlier while that on the 30-year bond declined to 4.522 percent from 4.633 percent. Bond yields and prices move in opposite directions.
In addition to watching the Fed, the market will monitor data on existing and new home sales, durable goods orders, income and spending and a revised estimate of gross domestic product for the first quarter.