Damascus jihadist evacuation plan on hold as rebel leader killed

December 26, 2015 4:14 pm
Zahran Alloush (C) was arrested in 2009 and was released in June 2011 in a general amnesty, just three months after Syria's uprising against President Bashar al-Assad erupted  © AFP
Zahran Alloush (C) was arrested in 2009 and was released in June 2011 in a general amnesty, just three months after Syria’s uprising against President Bashar al-Assad erupted

, DAMASCUS, Dec 26 – A plan to evacuate thousands of jihadist fighters and civilians from three besieged districts of Syria’s capital was on hold Saturday, a day after an air strike killed a rebel leader.

Zahran Alloush, 44, was the commander of the Jaish al-Islam (Army of Islam) movement, the predominant opposition faction in the Eastern Ghouta rebel bastion east of Damascus.

A senior member of Jaish al-Islam said three planes had targeted a “secret meeting” of commanders, and confirmed that Alloush was among those killed.

His death, in an air raid claimed by President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, was seen as dealing a heavy blow to the nearly five-year uprising and also complicating a fragile peace process.

It also halted the planned evacuation of some 4,000 people, half of them jihadists, from three southern districts of Damascus.

The plan, according to a government official, would see the evacuees transferred out of Qadam, Hajar al-Aswad and the besieged Palestinian camp of Yarmuk on Saturday and into northern Syria.

They are expected to include members of the Islamic State (IS) jihadist group and Al-Qaeda-affiliated Al-Nusra Front.

But a security source close to the negotiations told AFP that the plan was now on hold because of Alloush’s death.

“Jaish al-Islam was supposed to provide safe passage through areas east of Damascus for the buses heading to Raqa,” IS’s Syria bastion, the source said by phone.

“About 1,200 people were supposed to leave today (Saturday), but the death of Zahran Alloush means we are back to square one,” he said.

He said buses that were standing by to transfer the evacuees left empty and “the plan was on hold until Jaish al-Islam reorganises itself”.

Another source close to the negotiations said there was a “delay” in implementing the deal but that it was “still in place”.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights described the deal as “frozen”.

“It was frozen, but not cancelled, because of logistical issues linked essentially to the difficulty of providing safe passage,” said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.

– ‘Dozens’ of rebels killed –

The deal came after two months of intense negotiations between Syria’s government and district leaders, according to the Britain-based monitor.

In April, IS militants attacked the Yarmuk Palestinian camp, fighting Al-Nusra units there for control.

Their subsequent advance into Qadam in August took them closer than ever to central Damascus.

A similar deal earlier this month in the central city of Homs saw 2,000 rebels and civilians leave the last opposition-held neighbourhood.

Syria’s conflict erupted in 2011 with anti-government protests but has spiralled into a multi-sided civil war across the country.

Jaish al-Islam’s Alloush was a leading figure in the rebel movement in Damascus province, and had been holding a senior-level meeting in Eastern Ghouta when he was killed.

A Syrian security source told AFP that “dozens” of rebel fighters died in the air strikes, carried out by Syria’s air force with newly provided Russian missiles.

The jets launched two rounds of strikes on the meeting with four missiles each, the source said. At least 12 Jaish al-Islam members and seven from the Islamist Ahrar al-Sham group were killed.

Hours afterwards, leading members of Jaish al-Islam elected Abu Hammam al-Buwaydani as a replacement, according to the Observatory.

Buwaydani is a 40-year-old businessman and fighter from Douma in Eastern Ghouta who hails from a family with strong ties to the Muslim Brotherhood, the monitor said.

Backed by Riyadh, Jaish al-Islam recently took part in a landmark opposition meeting in Saudi Arabia aimed at forming a united front for eventual talks with Assad’s regime.

Last week, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution endorsing a proposed peace plan to bring the regime and opposition together for talks in January.

Jaish al-Islam was known to have extremist views and to have supported the establishment of an Islamic state before recently moving towards a more moderate position.

The group has remained firmly opposed to both Assad and to IS.


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