, NAIROBI, Kenya, Sep 17 – United Nations member states will converge in New York from September 25 -27 to discuss and adopt 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) developed to fill gaps and advance the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which have hit the 2015 deadline.
The special summit will bring together over 100 Heads of State and Government who will participate in the approval of the SDGs agreed upon by the 193 UN Member States in various meetings.
The summit will also come up with a document, “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” which will encapsulate the 17 SDGs.
The sitting is phenomenal as it transits the world from focusing on the Millennium Development Goals which initiated in the year 2000.
With the MDGs reaching the deadline this year, the New York meet will set the new agenda of the SDGs that member states will rely upon to improve lives of people, economies and the environment.
Through the SDGs, goals not achieved in the MDGs have been incorporated to progress the targets not achieved by 2015.
The SDGs also provide a wide framework within which countries can address pertinent issues affecting them and their people.
“We are not saying that the MDGs were not good. But there were some deficiencies which we try to correct and we are now coming into another step which is SDG goals. That’s why the SDGs and the indicators are so extensive,” UN Resident Coordinator Nardos Bekele-Thomas explained at a media briefing held in Nairobi Thursday.
At the apex of the SDGs is ending poverty which was also part of the MDGs.
According to UN Country Team, Economics Advisor, Wilmot Reeves though there was progress in reducing poverty, the levels are still worrying.
MDGs target was to reduce poverty to below 21 percent but, by 2015, it is at 45.2 percent.
Ending hunger, ensuring healthy lives, inclusivity and achieving gender equality and empowerment of women are integrated in the SDGs (goals 2-5) to capture unfinished MDGs.
SDG six to 11 are newly designed areas expected to address water and sanitation challenges, affordable energy, economic growth and infrastructure and industrial development.
The goals in the cluster further target at reducing inequalities among countries, address sustainable cities and communities.
Goals 12 to 15 are incorporated to address matters environmental sustainability with great concerns of challenges of climate change.
These goals include responsible consumption and production, climate action, conservation of water sources and protection of forests and proper utilisation of land resource.