, WASHINGTON, Nov 3 – Americans awoke on Wednesday to a vastly different political landscape, with Republicans retaking the House of Representatives as US voters rebuke President Barack Obama and the hopes of his historic 2008 election win.
Resurgent Republicans, led by the ultra-conservative Tea Party movement, steamrolled Democrats in Tuesday\’s key mid-term election by taking at least 60 seats for a commanding majority in the House. It was one of the chamber\’s largest political swings of the past century.
Beleaguered Democrats clung onto the Senate, but the Republicans netted six seats, with two more battleground states, Colorado and Washington, yet to be declared. They needed an unlikely 10 pickups to take the Senate.
By early Wednesday, the Republicans had 46 seats in the US Senate against 51 for the Democrats out of 100 seats total, with three seats still in dispute. In the House, the Republicans won at least 239 of the 435 seats, with 12 seats still in dispute.
Republican also picked up 10 governorships, riding a wave of Republican enthusiasm across all regions on the country.
The Republican House victory will force Nancy Pelosi, the first-ever woman chamber speaker, from power.
Republican National Committee Chairman Michael Steele said his party went from endangered after the 2008 election to "invigorated" after Tuesday\’s mid-term.
While Obama\’s top Senate ally Harry Reid survived a strong challenge, the results were overall humbling result for the president, who was scheduled to hold a White House news conference on Wednesday.
Ohio\’s John Boehner, almost certain to take the gavel from Pelosi in January and become Republican speaker, dissolved in tears in his moment of victory, but laced his speech with steel.
"We hope President Obama will now respect the will of the people, change course, and commit to making the changes that they are demanding," Boehner told a victory rally in Washington.
"To the extent he\’s willing to do that, we\’re ready to work with him. But make no mistake, the president will find in our new majority the voice of the American people as they\’ve expressed it tonight."
Obama called Boehner at midnight, and said he was "looking forward to working with him and the Republicans to find common ground, move the country forward, and get things done for the American people," the White House said.
The Republican rout is all the more stunning given the moribund state of the party after the Democrats\’ sweeping victory of 2008.
"The president single-handedly resurrected the conservative movement by his policies," Karl Rove, former top advisor to Obama\’s predecessor George W. Bush, told Fox. "It\’s remarkable."
Democrats will hand over the House after amassing a historic legacy, including healthcare reform and a Wall Street overhaul over the last two years, and claiming they staved off a second Great Depression.
But they paid a heavy price for a sluggish economic recovery that has yet to be felt countrywide and unemployment pegged at a stubborn 9.6 percent.
In a true embarrassment for Obama, Republicans won his former US Senate seat, as Mark Kirk beat presidential friend Alexi Giannoulias in Illinois.
Democrats did manage to reclaim claim the governor\’s mansion in the most populous state, California, as Jerry Brown defeated former eBay CEO Meg Whitman to replace Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Democrats kept the Senate after Joe Manchin won the firewall seat of West Virginia, and Barbara Boxer fought off a tough challenge from former Hewlett-Packard boss Carly Fiorina in California.
But Republicans were jubilant at their House win.
"We\’ve come to take our government back!" cried Rand Paul, a hero of the Tea Party movement, after winning a Senate seat in Kentucky.
"There\’s a Tea Party tidal wave," he said, in a coming-of-age moment for the movement set up to challenge what critics see as Obama\’s "big-government" takeover of American life.
Charismatic Florida Tea Party favourite and Cuban-American Marco Rubio also surged to victory in the Senate under the conservative group\’s banner.
Under Boehner, Republicans are promising to reverse Obama\’s sweeping health reforms and promise a budget crunch and tax cuts which they claim will cut the deficit and ignite growth.
All year, voters have made clear that the sluggish rebound from the worst crisis since the Great Depression, with unemployment standing at 9.6 percent, was their major concern.
Obama, who leaves Friday on a nine-day tour of Asia, must now launch a re-examination of his presidency, as he seeks to renew his bond with voters in the run-up to 2012.