Students at the Garissa University College who managed to escape the early morning attack say there were warning posters of an imminent attack on the college but the “warnings were ignored”.
“There were reports of an attack the whole week and even the university administration was informed,” said Nicholas Mutuku.
“But it is like everyone didn’t take it seriously because it was not the first time such reports were emerging.”
Some who saw the warning notices a day ahead of the attack thought they were an April Fool’s prank.
“Yesterday there were those notices, but as it was April 1, we just thought that it was fooling,” said Katherine.
An explosion followed by gunfire woke students at Garissa’s Moi University in Kenya before dawn on Thursday morning.
At around 5:30 am (2:30 GMT) an unknown number of masked gunmen began an assault by tossing explosives at the main gate before storming a nearby girl’s hostel.
More than 800 students attend the university and sleep in dormitories on the sprawling campus on the outskirts of the town in northeast Kenya.
“We were sleeping when we heard a loud explosion that was followed by gunshots and everyone started running for safety,” said student Japhet Mwala.
“There are those who were not able to leave the hostels where the gunmen headed and started firing, I am lucky to be alive because I jumped through the fence with other students,” said Mwala.
Another student, Katherine – who did not want to give her full name – said that when she first heard the explosion and gunfire, “we thought that it was power problems”.
But soon the horror of being caught up in the latest attack by the Al-Qaeda aligned militants from neighbouring Somalia dawned on her.
“We started running away,” she said. Katherine and other students fled their hostels and ran to nearby fields where they hid as the gunfire continued.
Rosalind Mugambi also fled to the fields with other students with “bullets following us”. She said some of her friends were injured by the gunfire.
“We saw some blood stains and they were shot,” she said.
Garissa, around 150 kilometres (90 miles) from the Somali border, has suffered chronic insecurity for years, fuelled by political and business rivalries, and the conflict in neighbouring Somalia which has driven hundreds of thousands of refugees to live in the nearby Dadaab camps.