Japanese trade surplus tumbles for fifth month

August 21, 2008
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, TOKYO, August 21 – Japan\’s trade surplus tumbled for a fifth straight month in July as China overtook the ailing US economy to become the country\’s biggest export market, official figures showed Thursday.

It was the first time in the post-war era that mainland China has been the top destination for Japanese goods, underscoring the continued brisk growth of the Asian powerhouse despite a worsening global economy.

Robust shipments to the rest of Asia helped Japanese exports to rebound in July, after dropping in June for the first time in more than four years.

Even so, the overall trade surplus plunged 86.6 percent in July from a year earlier to 91.1 billion yen (830 million dollars) as high oil prices drove up the cost of energy imports, the finance ministry said.

Markets had expected a much bigger surplus of about 225 billion yen.

Imports rose 18.2 percent by value to 7.54 trillion yen, while exports gained 8.1 percent to 7.63 trillion yen.

Brisk exports have been a key driver of a recovery in Japan, the world\’s second-largest economy, after a slump stretching back more than a decade.

But fears of a recession have grown since the economy shrank in the second quarter of 2008, partly because of sluggish exports.

The rebound in exports in July eased concerns that the Japanese economy is headed for a severe slump, although most analysts expect growth to remain sluggish for the rest of this year.

It is too soon to say Japan\’s economy is back in recovery mode, "but the July data indicated that the economy is not deteriorating rapidly," said JP Morgan economist Masamichi Adachi.

"The outlook for the Japanese economy essentially hinges on a recovery in the US economy. Oil prices are falling, which is good news, but I think it is still too early to predict the outlook," he said.

Japan\’s trade surplus with the rest of Asia jumped 42.3 percent from a year earlier as exports gained 12.7 percent and imports rose 5.7 percent, both hitting record highs.

Shipments to China increased 16.8 percent to a record high as imports grew 5.1 percent to scale a new peak.

Exports to China were boosted by shipments of mineral fuels, particularly for trucks, for reconstruction efforts following the massive quake in Sichuan province in May.

Asian economies are now also showing signs of weakening, weighing on demand for Japanese steel, chemical and electronic machinery, said Hiroshi Watanabe, an economist at Daiwa Research Institute.

"Since last year, we have been seeing a gradual slowdown in Japan\’s export growth. The latest data confirmed this trend. This is a reflection of the continued worsening of the global economy," he said.

"Rising prices of raw materials have affected the domestic demand of Asian countries, as well as the developed nations," Watanabe said.

Exports to the United States slumped 11.5 percent in July while imports from the world\’s largest economy fell 3.5 percent. US-bound auto exports, one of the key drivers of the Japanese economy, dropped 11.7 percent.

Exports to the European Union rose 4.1 percent as imports from the region fell 6.3 percent.

"Weak auto exports to the EU and the US reflect the weakness of those economies," said Watanabe.

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